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The Constitution of India – Articles 52 to 151

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PART V: THE UNION

CHAPTER I: THE EXECUTIVE

The President and Vice-President

52 The President of India.

53 The executive power of the Union.

54 Election of President.

55 Manner of election of President.

56 Term of office of President.

57 Eligibility for re-election.

58 Qualifications for election as President.

59 Conditions of the President’s office.

60 Oath or affirmation by the President.

61 Procedure for impeachment of the President.

62 Time of holding the election to fill the vacancy in the office of President and the term of office of the person elected to fill the casual vacancy.

63 The Vice-President of India.

64 The Vice-President to be ex officio Chairman of the Council of States.

65 The Vice-President to act as President or discharge his functions during casual vacancies in the office, or during the absence, of the President.

66 Election of Vice-President.

67 Term of office of Vice-President.

68 Time of holding the election to fill the vacancy in the office of Vice-President and the term of office of the person elected to fill the casual vacancy.

69 Oath or affirmation by the Vice-President.

70 Discharge of President’s functions in other contingencies.

71 Matters relating to, or connected with, the election of a President or Vice-President.

72 Power of President to grant pardons, etc., and to suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases.

73 The extent of executive power of the Union.

 Council of Ministers

74 Council of Ministers to aid and advise the President.

75 Other provisions as to Ministers.

The Attorney-General for India

76 Attorney-General for India.

Conduct of Government Business

77 Conduct of business of the Government of India.

78 Duties of the Prime Minister with respect to the furnishing of information to the President, etc.

CHAPTER II: PARLIAMENT

General

79 Constitution of Parliament.

80 Composition of the Council of States.

81 Composition of the House of the People.

82 Readjustment after each census.

83 Duration of Houses of Parliament.

84 Qualification for membership of Parliament.

85 Sessions of Parliament, prorogation and dissolution.

86 Right of the President to address and send messages to Houses.

87 Special address by the President.

88 Rights of Ministers and Attorney-General as respects Houses.

Officers of Parliament

89 The Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Council of States.

90 Vacation and resignation of, and removal from, the office of Deputy Chairman.

91 Power of the Deputy Chairman or other person to perform the duties of the office of, or to act as, Chairman.

92 The Chairman or the Deputy Chairman is not to preside while a resolution for his removal from office is under consideration.

93 The Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the House of the People.

94 Vacation and resignation of, and removal from, the offices of Speaker and Deputy Speaker.

95 Power of the Deputy Speaker or other person to perform the duties of the office of, or to act as, Speaker.

96 The Speaker or the Deputy Speaker is not to preside while a resolution for his removal from office is under consideration.

97 Salaries and allowances of the Chairman and Deputy Chairman and the Speaker and Deputy Speaker.

98 Secretariat of Parliament.

Conduct of Business

99 Oath or affirmation by members.

100 Voting in Houses, power of Houses to act notwithstanding vacancies and quorum.

Disqualifications of Members

101 Vacation of seats.

102 Disqualifications for membership.

103 Decision on questions as to disqualifications of members.

104 Penalty for sitting and voting before making oath or affirmation under article 99 or when not qualified or when disqualified.

Powers, Privileges and Immunities of Parliament and its Members

105 Powers, privileges, etc., of the Houses of Parliament and of the members and committees thereof.

106 Salaries and allowances of members.

Legislative Procedure

107 Provisions as to introduction and passing of Bills.

108 Joint sitting of both Houses in certain cases.

109 Special procedure in respect of Money Bills.

110 Definition of “Money Bills”.

111 Assent to Bills.

Procedure in Financial Matters

112 Annual financial statement.

113 Procedure in Parliament with respect to estimates.

114 Appropriation Bills.

115 Supplementary, additional or excess grants.

116 Votes on account, votes of credit and exceptional grants.

117 Special provisions as to financial Bills.

Procedure Generally

118 Rules of the procedure.

119 Regulation by law of procedure in Parliament in relation to financial business.

120 Language to be used in Parliament.

121 Restriction on discussion in Parliament.

122 Courts not to inquire into proceedings of Parliament.

CHAPTER III: LEGISLATIVE POWERS OF THE PRESIDENT

Article 123 Power of President to promulgate Ordinances during recess of Parliament

(1) If at any time, except when both Houses of Parliament are in session, the President is satisfied that circumstances exist which render it necessary for him to take immediate action, he may promulgate such Ordinances as the circumstances appear to him to require.

(2) An Ordinance promulgated under this article shall have the same force and effect as an Act of Parliament, but every such Ordinance –

(a) shall be laid before both Houses of Parliament and shall cease to operate at the expiration of six weeks from the reassembly of Parliament, or, of before the expiration of that period resolutions disapproving it are passed by both Houses, upon the passing of the second of those resolutions; and

(b) may be withdrawn at any time by the President.

Explanation: Where the Houses of Parliament are summoned to reassemble on different dates, the period of six weeks shall be reckoned from the later of those dates for the purposes of this clause.

(3) If and so far as an Ordinance under this article makes any provision that Parliament would not under this Constitution be competent to enact, it shall be void.

Chapter IV

The Union Judiciary ie. The Supreme Court (Articles 124-147)

124 Establishment and constitution of Supreme Court.

124A National Judicial Appointments Commission. (Declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court, however not repealed by the Parliament)

124B Functions of Commission.

124C Power of Parliament to make law.

125 Salaries, etc., of Judges.

126 Appointment of acting Chief Justice.

127 Appointment of ad hoc judges.

128 Attendance of retired Judges at sittings of the Supreme Court.

129 Supreme Court to be a court of record.

130 Seat of Supreme Court.

131 Original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.

131A [Repealed.]

132 Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in appeals from High Courts in certain cases.

133 Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in appeals from High Courts in regard to Civil matters.

134 Appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme Court in regard to criminal matters.

134A Certificate for an appeal to the Supreme Court.

135 Jurisdiction and powers of the Federal Court under existing law to be exercisable by the Supreme Court.

136 Special leave to appeal by the Supreme Court.

137 Review of judgments or orders by the Supreme Court.

138 Enlargement of the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.

139 Conferment on the Supreme Court of powers to issue certain writs.

139A Transfer of certain cases.

140 Ancillary powers of the Supreme Court.

141 Law declared by Supreme Court to be binding on all courts.

142 Enforcement of decrees and orders of Supreme Court and orders as to discovery, etc.

143 Power of President to consult Supreme Court.

144 Civil and judicial authorities to act in aid of the Supreme Court.

144A [Repealed.]

145 Rules of Court, etc.

146 Officers and servants and the expenses of the Supreme Court.

147 Interpretation.

Chapter V 

Comptroller and Auditor-General of India: CAG (Articles 148-151)

148 Comptroller and Auditor-General of India.

149 Duties and powers of the Comptroller and Auditor-General.

150 Form of accounts of the Union and of the States.

151 Audit reports.

Official PDF link

The Indian Constitution PDF

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Bharathi Pradeep
Bharathi Pradeephttps://www.getcooltricks.com/
Editor at GetCoolTricks.com. Bharathi covers topics on Competitive exams, How To guides, Current exams, Current Affairs, Study Materials, etc. Follow her on social media using the links below.
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