National Initiative for development and Harnessing Innovation (NIDHI)
• The Department of Science and Technology launched this programme.
• The goal of this programme is to help people turn their ideas and innovations (both knowledge-based and technology-driven) into profitable businesses.
• The programme strives to develop technical solutions that not only address society’s pressing demands but also open up new paths for income and job creation.
Aatmanirbhar Bharat Rozgar Yojana
• Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman established the Atmanirbhar Bharat Rozgar Yojana on November 12, 2020, to encourage the creation of new jobs in the wake of the COVID-19 epidemic.
• The scheme will assist any new employee starting work in EPFO-registered enterprises on a monthly wage of less than Rs 15,000 as well as those who quit their positions between March and September 2020 and start work on October 1, 2020.
• On December 13th, 2008, the Ministry of Science and Technology launched this initiative.
• The goal of this programme is to encourage people to pursue careers in science.
• This scheme’s name has since been changed to MANAK.
• Million Minds Augmenting National Aspirations and Knowledge (MANAK) is an acronym for MANAK.
Kisan Suryodaya Yojana
• On October 24, 2020, Prime Minister Modi announced the Kisan Suryodaya Yojana, which will give farmers in Gujarat daytime power for irrigation. Farmers in 1055 villages across three districts would have access to energy for irrigation from 5 a.m. to 9 p.m. under the scheme.
• The Gujarat State Government has set aside Rs 3,500 crores for transmission infrastructure installation by 2023.
Solar Charkha Scheme
• The Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises introduced the Solar Charkha Scheme in June 2018.
• The Solar Charkha Mission is an economic development programme that aims to establish “solar charkha clusters” with 200 to 2042 beneficiaries (spinners, weavers, stitchers and other skilled artisans).
Digital India Mission
• Launched on 02 July 2015, the Government of India’s flagship program, Digital India, aims to turn India into a digitally enabled society and knowledge economy.
• It works with the vision to make all government services electronically available to the public.
Indira Rasoi Yojana
• On August 20, 2020, Rajasthan Chief Minister Ashok Gehlot introduced the Indira Rasoi Yojana, which will supply underprivileged people with high-quality healthy food, including 100 grams of pulses, 250 grams of chapatti, 100 grams of vegetables, and pickles, for just Rs 8. Around 4 crores 87 lakh individuals in the state are likely to gain.
• Food will be served from 8:30 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. and 5:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m. It will be implemented in 213 urban local bodies, with the State Government operating 358 reasons (kitchens) at bus stops, hospitals, train stations, and public locations, all of which will be managed using a mobile app and CCTV cameras.
Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY)
• Launched by Prime Minister Modi on September 10, 2020, to focus on the long-term development of India’s fisheries sector.
• The scheme will be implemented across all Indian states and union territories at a cost of Rs 20,050 crores over five years, from FY 2020-21 to FY 2024-25.
• By the Financial Year 2024-25, it wants to expand fish production in India by 70 lakh tonnes and increase fisheries export profits to Rs.1,00,000 crore.
Fame India Scheme
• The Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises introduced it in 2015 as part of the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP).
• The goal of this programme is to give economic and monetary incentives to encourage the adoption and development of hybrid and electric vehicles in the country.
Godhan Nyay Yojana
• Chhattisgarh Chief Minister Bhupesh Baghel announced the Godhan Nyay Yojana on June 25, 2020, to collect cow excrement from cattle owners. The plan intends to encourage animal husbandry and turn it into a lucrative business. It is consistent with the state government’s aim to develop the rural economy.
• The cow manure will be purchased by the Chhattisgarh government from the livestock owners at fixed prices then this cow manure once collected will be used to make vermicompost fertiliser.
Rajiv Gandhi Kisan Nyay Yojana
• Launched On 21 May (2020) by Chhattisgarh Chief Minister Bhupesh Baghel to purchase maize, paddy, and sugarcane at MSP.
• The allocated fund for this scheme was 5,700 crore which is expected to benefit over 1.87 million farmers in the state. A sum of Rs 10,000 per acre is allotted to the farmers who grow paddy and maize and a sum of Rs 13,000 per acre to farmers who grow sugarcane will be provided by the Chhattisgarh Government.
Vivad se Vishwas Yojna
• On February 1, 2020, Finance Minister Sitharaman introduced the Vivad se Vishwas Scheme, which aims to resolve the massive backlog of pending direct tax cases.
• It will settle 483,000 tax-related direct disputes that have been pending in various appellate forums. If the contested tax amount is paid before March 31, 2020, the programme gives interest and penalty exemptions.
Public Wi-Fi Access Network Interface (PM-WANI)
• The PM WI-FI Access Network Interface (PM-WANI) Scheme, which intends to transform the tech sphere and significantly improve the country’s wireless connectivity, was passed by the Union Cabinet on December 9, 2020.
• It will improve the ‘Ease of Doing Business and ‘Ease of Living,’ among other things.
Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana
• It was launched on October 11, 2014, by the Ministry of Rural Development. The goal of this project was to ensure that the selected village’s development was integrated across several areas such as agriculture, health, education, sanitation, the environment, and livelihood.
• This scheme was created on Jayprakash Narayan’s birth anniversary, with the goal of promoting social and cultural growth. Within a month of the launch, MPs must choose one hamlet with a population of 3000-4000 in the plains and 1000-3000 in the hills.
• On September 20, 2020, the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances, and Pensions inaugurated the scheme.
• Mission Karmyogi is the name of the National Programme for Civil Services Capacity Building (NPCSCB). The mission’s goal is to improve governance by increasing civil service capabilities.
VAN DHAN YOJANA
• It was introduced on April 14th, 2018 by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.
• The scheme’s goal is to help tribals involved in the collection of Minor Food Produces (MFPs) achieve economic development by assisting them in making the best use of natural resources and providing them with a sustainable livelihood.
• It will create 10 Self Help Groups (SHGs) of 30 tribal gatherers.