The Brow-antlered Deer (Sangai) conservation project can be an important topic for UPSC exam preparation, particularly for the Environment and Ecology section. Here are some key points about the project that can be useful:
- The Brow-antlered Deer or Sangai is an endangered species of deer that is endemic to the Keibul Lamjao National Park in Manipur, India. It is listed as critically endangered on the IUCN Red List.
- The Keibul Lamjao National Park is the only floating national park in the world and is home to the Sangai. The park faces several threats, including habitat loss, human encroachment, and poaching.
- The conservation of the Sangai involves various activities, such as habitat restoration, community-based conservation, anti-poaching measures, and ecotourism.
- Habitat restoration involves controlling water levels, removing invasive species, and planting native vegetation to restore the degraded habitat of the Sangai.
- Community-based conservation involves working closely with local communities to create awareness and involve them in conservation efforts.
- Anti-poaching measures include establishing anti-poaching squads to prevent poaching of the Sangai and other wildlife.
- Ecotourism is promoted as a means of generating income for local communities and promoting conservation.
- The conservation efforts have been successful in increasing the Sangai population from around 14 in the 1970s to over 200 in 2021.
- The conservation of the Sangai highlights the importance of conservation efforts in protecting endangered species and their habitats.
The Brow-antlered Deer (Sangai) conservation project is an important conservation initiative in India that can be an important topic for the UPSC exam. Aspirants should understand the objectives, implementation, and activities of the project to prepare effectively for the exam.