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Banana: Health Benefits

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Bharathi Pradeep
Bharathi Pradeep
Editor at Bharathi covers topics on Competitive exams, How To guides, Current exams, Current Affairs, Study Materials, etc. Follow her on social media using the links below.

Bananas are one of the most popular and widely consumed fruits in the world. They are native to Southeast Asia and have been cultivated for thousands of years. Bananas are a great source of nutrients and are known for their sweet taste and soft texture. They can be eaten as a snack on their own or used as an ingredient in a variety of dishes such as cakes, smoothies, and salads. Bananas are also relatively inexpensive and widely available, making them a popular choice for people of all ages and budgets.

Nutritional Value of Bananas

The nutritional value of bananas varies slightly depending on the size and type of banana, but in general, they are a good source of several important nutrients. One medium-sized banana (about 118 grams) contains the macro-nutrient and micro-nutrient content of bananas as follows:


  • Carbohydrates: 27 grams (including 3 grams of fibre and 14 grams of sugar)
  • Protein: 1 gram
  • Fat: 0.4 grams


  • Vitamin C: 9% of the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA)
  • Vitamin B6: 20% of the RDA
  • Potassium: 12% of the RDA
  • Magnesium: 8% of the RDA
  • Copper: 10% of the RDA
  • Manganese: 14% of the RDA
  • Other micronutrients: Small amounts of iron, folate, niacin, riboflavin, and thiamin

One medium-sized banana contains roughly 10% of the adult RDA for carbs and 16% of the adult RDA for potassium when compared to the daily recommended intake. The RDAs for nutrients change depending on age, sex, and level of physical activity. 

Health Benefits of Bananas

There are several health benefits associated with consuming bananas:

Improvement of Digestive Health

In numerous ways, eating bananas can assist to enhance digestive health. First off, pectin, a form of soluble fibre found in bananas, aids in bulking up the stool and encouraging regular bowel movements. Restoring regular food transit through the intestines, can ease constipation and stop diarrhoea.

Bananas also include a class of substances known as prebiotics, which serve as food for the good bacteria in the digestive tract. For the sake of overall digestive health, these bacteria assist in preserving a balanced population of microbes in the gut. Prebiotic intake can be increased to support the growth of these healthy bacteria and enhance the condition of the digestive system as a whole.

Blood Pressure Regulation

The mineral potassium, which is found in bananas and helps to control blood pressure, is a good source of energy. A diet high in potassium has been demonstrated to help lower blood pressure in certain persons. Potassium helps to counteract the detrimental effects of sodium on blood pressure. Studies have shown that boosting your potassium consumption through foods like bananas will lower your blood pressure just as well as taking a potassium pill.

Heart Health

Banana consumption may enhance heart health in several ways. They can assist control blood pressure and reducing the risk of hypertension in one method, and that is through the potassium content of their foods. A significant risk factor for heart disease and stroke is high blood pressure. Potassium may also lower the risk of bone loss and kidney stone formation. Additionally, bananas contain a lot of dietary fibre, which has been linked to a lower risk of heart disease. To maintain a healthy heart, fibre can help lower cholesterol levels and improve blood sugar control. Additionally, bananas are a good source of antioxidants, which can help protect against oxidative stress and inflammation in the body. These processes have been linked to an increased risk of heart disease and other chronic conditions.

Anaemia Prevention

A lack of red blood cells or haemoglobin in the body can cause anaemia, which is a condition that can be avoided by eating bananas, which are an excellent source of several nutrients that can do so. Red blood cells contain the vital protein haemoglobin, which is responsible for transporting oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. Iron is one of the essential minerals in bananas that can help avoid anaemia. Red blood cell formation requires iron, and anaemia can result from an iron deficit. About 0.3 milligrams of iron, or 4% of the RDA for adult men and 2% of the RDA for adult women, can be found in one medium-sized banana.

Bone Health

Potassium helps regulate the balance of minerals in your body and plays a role in bone mineral density. Additionally, bananas are a good source of vitamin C, which helps with collagen production and may also help with bone health. However, it is important to remember that a balanced diet that includes a variety of nutrients is important for maintaining overall health, including bone health. 

Weight Management

Bananas can be a useful part of a weight management plan due to their high fibre content and low-calorie count. One medium banana contains about 105 calories and 3 grams of fibre. The fibre in bananas can help to fill you up and reduce cravings for unhealthy snacks. Additionally, bananas are a good source of potassium, which can help to regulate blood pressure and prevent water retention. To incorporate bananas into your weight management plan, try adding them to your breakfast smoothie or eating them as a snack between meals. You can also use mashed bananas as a natural sweetener in baking recipes or as a topping for oatmeal or yoghurt. Just be sure to watch your portion sizes, as overeating any type of food can lead to weight gain.

Mood Booster

Bananas contain tryptophan, which is converted into serotonin, a neurotransmitter that can improve mood and reduce stress. Some studies have shown that the consumption of bananas may help to reduce feelings of anxiety and depression. Additionally, the natural sugars in bananas can provide a quick source of energy and lift mood, making them a good choice for a snack when feeling low or stressed. 

Skin Health

The high vitamin C concentration of bananas suggests that they may be beneficial for skin health. Antioxidant vitamin C promotes collagen synthesis and increases skin suppleness. A protein called collagen gives skin its structure and keeps it appearing firm and young. Additionally, vitamin C aids in shielding the skin from free radicals that can damage and age the skin.

Cancer Prevention

The antioxidants in bananas may help to lower the chance of developing various cancers, according to some studies. For instance, one study discovered that women with increased potassium intake—found in bananas—had a decreased risk of developing kidney cancer. Another study discovered that the antioxidants in bananas might aid in preventing the development of colon cancer cells.

Full of Antioxidants

Bananas are a rich source of antioxidants, specifically, the antioxidant compounds like dopamine and catechins.

Risks and Precautions

There are a few risks and precautions to consider when it comes to bananas. Here are a few:

Allergic Reactions

Allergic reactions to bananas are rare, but they can occur in some individuals. Symptoms of a banana allergy may include skin rashes, hives, itching, swelling, difficulty breathing, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. 

Potassium Overdose in individuals with Kidney Problems

Individuals with kidney problems can experience a potassium overdose from consuming too many bananas. This is because the kidneys are responsible for filtering excess potassium from the body. If the kidneys are not functioning properly, they may not be able to filter out excess potassium, leading to an accumulation of potassium in the body.


Bananas, like any other food, can pose a choking hazard, especially for young children who may not have developed the chewing skills to properly eat solid foods. It is important to cut bananas into small pieces and to supervise young children while they are eating.

Pesticide Exposure

Bananas are often heavily sprayed with pesticides, which can be harmful if ingested. To minimize your exposure to pesticides, it is recommended to choose organic bananas or to thoroughly wash conventional bananas before eating.

Amazing Health Benefits of Green Banana

Green bananas are a great source of several important nutrients and have many potential health benefits. Some of the benefits of green bananas include:

  • Rich in Fiber: Dietary fibre, which is crucial for preserving a healthy digestive system, is abundant in green bananas. Constipation can be avoided with fibre, such as irregular bowel movements and colon cancer.
  • High in Resistant Starch: Green bananas are rich in resistant starch, a form of carbohydrate that the body has a difficult time digesting. This could enhance insulin sensitivity and help control blood sugar levels.
  • Good source of Potassium: Potassium, a vital mineral that aids in controlling blood pressure and preserving healthy heart function, is present in green bananas in significant amounts.
  • May Help with Weight Loss: Green bananas are low in calories and high in fibre and resistant starch, which can help to promote feelings of fullness and reduce overall calorie intake.
  • May Improve Gut Health: Prebiotics, which are indigestible carbohydrates that nourish the healthy bacteria in the stomach, can be found in green bananas. This may support a balanced population of beneficial gut bacteria and enhance overall gut health.
  • May Help to Reduce Inflammation: High concentrations of antioxidants and anti-inflammatory substances found in green bananas may aid to lessen inflammation throughout the body.

Uses of Banana Peel

Banana peels, often discarded, have many uses and benefits. Some of the ways banana peels may be used :

  • Wart removal: Warts can be removed with the aid of the enzymes found in banana peels. Simply apply a piece of the peel to the wart and bandage it. To get rid of the wart, leave it on overnight and keep doing it every day for a few days.
  • Insect bites and rashes: Banana peels contain anti-inflammatory substances that can help reduce irritation and inflammation brought on by rashes and insect bites. To relieve symptoms, simply rub the inside of a peel on the troublesome area.
  • Acne treatment: Banana peels’ antioxidant content can aid in reducing acne-related inflammation and redness. Just give the affected region a few minutes of gentle rubbing with the inside of a peel.
  • Teeth whitening: Rubbing the inside of a banana peel on the teeth for several minutes can help to remove stains and whiten teeth. The minerals present in the peel can help to remove plaque and discolouration.
  • Food: Banana peel can be used to make pickles, chutneys, and even banana peel chips. In some countries, it is also used as a vegetable, cooked and eaten with meals.
  • Fertilizer: Plants can benefit from using banana peels as a natural fertilizer. They are abundant in nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus, which are vital minerals for plant growth. They might either be broken up and incorporated into the soil or added to a compost pile.
  • Polishing: Silverware, leather shoes, and other objects can be polished with the interior of a banana peel. The natural oils found in the peel can assist to moisturise and polish the surface while acting as a mild abrasive.


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Bharathi Pradeep
Bharathi Pradeep
Editor at Bharathi covers topics on Competitive exams, How To guides, Current exams, Current Affairs, Study Materials, etc. Follow her on social media using the links below.

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