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Wild Life Protection Act

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Bharathi Pradeep
Bharathi Pradeephttps://www.getcooltricks.com/
Editor at GetCoolTricks.com. Bharathi covers topics on Competitive exams, How To guides, Current exams, Current Affairs, Study Materials, etc. Follow her on social media using the links below.

The Wildlife Protection Act, of 1972 is a significant piece of legislation in India aimed at conserving and protecting wildlife and their habitats. The act was enacted to address the pressing need for the conservation of the country’s diverse and ecologically important wildlife. Here are the key features of the Wildlife Protection Act:

  1. Conservation of Wildlife:
    • The primary objective of the act is to ensure the protection and conservation of wildlife and their habitats.
    • It focuses on both terrestrial and aquatic species, including mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and plants.
  2. Protected Areas:
    • The act establishes protected areas such as national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, and conservation reserves.
    • These areas provide legal protection to wildlife and their habitats, restricting certain human activities to prevent habitat destruction and disturbances.
  3. Prohibition of Hunting:
    • The act strictly prohibits the hunting of all protected wildlife species.
    • It aims to prevent the exploitation of wildlife for commercial purposes, trophies, or other reasons.
  4. Regulation of Trade:
    • The act regulates the trade and commerce of wildlife and their derivatives.
    • It lists various species under different schedules, with varying degrees of protection, and restricts their trade.
  5. Project Approvals:
    • Any developmental project within or around protected areas requires prior approval from the National Board for Wildlife to assess its potential impact on wildlife and their habitats.
  6. Provisions for Exemptions:
    • The act includes provisions for granting exemptions under certain circumstances, such as for scientific research or the protection of human life.
  7. Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB):
    • The act established the WCCB to combat organized wildlife crime and enforce the provisions of the act.
  8. Amendments and Revisions:
    • The Wildlife Protection Act has undergone amendments over the years to address new challenges, strengthen conservation efforts, and align with international conventions.
  9. Public Awareness and Participation:
    • The act encourages public awareness and involvement in wildlife conservation.
    • It recognizes the role of local communities and stakeholders in protecting wildlife.
  10. Biodiversity Conservation:
    • The act recognizes the importance of biodiversity conservation and aims to ensure the survival of endangered and rare species.
  11. Punitive Measures:
    • The act includes penalties, fines, and imprisonment for offences related to hunting, trade, or other violations of its provisions.

The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, serves as a legal framework for safeguarding India’s rich biodiversity and preserving its ecological balance. It emphasizes the importance of wildlife conservation and the need to protect wildlife for the benefit of present and future generations.

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Bharathi Pradeep
Bharathi Pradeephttps://www.getcooltricks.com/
Editor at GetCoolTricks.com. Bharathi covers topics on Competitive exams, How To guides, Current exams, Current Affairs, Study Materials, etc. Follow her on social media using the links below.

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