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National Languages in India

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Bharathi Pradeep
Bharathi Pradeephttps://www.getcooltricks.com/
Editor at GetCoolTricks.com. Bharathi covers topics on Competitive exams, How To guides, Current exams, Current Affairs, Study Materials, etc. Follow her on social media using the links below.

The National Language of India according to the Indian Constitution has been a subject of discussion since the establishment of the constitution. It’s important to note that India doesn’t have a national language. The official language of India is distinct from a national language. The Constitution doesn’t specify any language as the national language.

The status of a single national language of India was not given to a particular language. Hindi is a language that is covered by around 40 percent of the Indian population, however, it would be a problem to declare it a national language as the majority of the population does not accept the same.

Hindi and English had been declared as two official languages of communication by the Constitution of India for the national government. In addition, it contains a list of 22 official languages and is entitled to represent the Official Language Commission.

The major languages spoken in India’s 28 states and eight union territories are listed below:

State/UTLanguage Spoken
Andhra PradeshTelugu
Arunachal PradeshNissi/Dafla, Adi
AssamAssamese, Bodo
BiharHindi, Maithili
ChattisgarhHindi
GoaKonkani
GujaratGujarati
HaryanaHindi
Himachal PradeshHindi
JharkhandHindi
KarnatakaKannada
KeralaMalayalam
Madhya PradeshHindi
MaharashtraMarathi
ManipurManipuri
MeghalayaKhasi, Garo
MizoramLushai/Mizo
NagalandKonyak, Ao, Sema
OdishaOdia
PunjabPunjabi
RajasthanHindi
SikkimNepali
TamilnaduTamil
TelanganaTelugu
TripuraBengali
UttarakhandHindi
Uttar PradeshHindi
West BengalBengali
Andaman and Nicobar IslandsBengali, Hindi, Tamil
ChandigarhHindi
Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and DiuGujarati & Hindi in Daman & Diu, Bhili/Bhilodi, Hindi in Dadra & Nagar Haveli
NCT of DelhiHindi
Jammu and KashmirKashmiri, Hindi, Dogri
LadakhLadakhi, Purgi, and Balti
LakshadweepMalayalam
PuducherryTamil

Official Languages of India

The two important Official Language as per the Indian Constitution, Article 343 used by the central administration are as follows:

  1. Hindi: As per Article 343, Hindi is a language to be used by the Central Government while communicating with states located in the “Hindi Belt”.
  2. English: English is referred to as the Associate official language and the language which is to be used while communicating with other states.

List of 22 Official Scheduled Languages of India

LanguageRecognition in States
1. AssameseAssam and Arunachal Pradesh
2. BengaliWest Bengal and Tripura
3. BodoAssam
4. DogriLanguage of Jammu and Kashmir
5. GujaratiDadra and Haveli, Daman and Diu, and Gujarat
6. HindiAndaman and Nicobar Islands, Bihar, Dadra and Haveli, Daman and Diu, Chhattisgarh,Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Jammu andKashmir, Mizoram, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and West Bengal.
7. KannadaKarnataka
8. KashmiriJammu and Kashmir
9. KonkaniDadra and Haveli, Daman and Diu, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, and Kerala
10. MaithiliBihar and Jharkhand
11. MalayalamKerala, Lakshadweep, and Puducherry
12. ManipuriManipur
13. MarathiMaharashtra, Goa, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman, and Diu
14. NepaliSikkim and West Bengal
15. OdiaOrissa
16. PunjabiPunjab, Chandigarh, second official language Delhi, and Haryana
17. SanskritHimachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand
18. SantaliJharkhand and also Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Mizoram, Odisha, Tripura, and WestBengal
19. SindhiGujarat and Maharashtra
20. TamilTamil Nadu and Puducherry
21. TeluguAndhra Pradesh, Telangana, and Puducherry
22. UrduJammu and Kashmir, Telangana, Jharkhand, Delhi, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal
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Bharathi Pradeep
Bharathi Pradeephttps://www.getcooltricks.com/
Editor at GetCoolTricks.com. Bharathi covers topics on Competitive exams, How To guides, Current exams, Current Affairs, Study Materials, etc. Follow her on social media using the links below.

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