back to top
Friday, June 14, 2024
HomeArticleList of Indian Satellites

List of Indian Satellites

Must Read

Bharathi Pradeep
Bharathi Pradeep
Editor at Bharathi covers topics on Competitive exams, How To guides, Current exams, Current Affairs, Study Materials, etc. Follow her on social media using the links below.

List of satellites from India from 1975 to 2023

A satellite is an object that orbits or circles around a bigger object in space. Usually, artificial satellites are objects or machines that are launched into space for different purposes. In India, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is the biggest space agency which is responsible for designing, manufacturing as well as launching, and operating Indian satellites.

First Satellite Launched by India

The first satellite was The Aryabhata spacecraft. This satellite was named after the great ancient Indian mathematician and astronomer known as Aryabhata.

It was launched on 19 April,1975 using a Soviet Kosmos-3M rocket from the Kapustin Yar launch site. The launch of this satellite was very important for India because this launch marked the beginning of India’s space exploration program.

Launching yearIndian Satellite NameImportance of Indian Satellites
1975AryabhataIndia’s first satellite.
1979Bhaskara Sega-1India’s first experimental remote sensing satellite which was responsible for TV and microwave cameras.
Rohini Technology PayloadThe First Indian launch vehicle Which was Failed to achieve its target orbit. 
1980Rohini RS-1India’s first indigenous satellite launch was used for measuring the flight performance and more.
1981Rohini RS-D1It was launched as the first developmental launch of SLV-3, which had been using for sen
AppleIt was first experimental communication satellite.
Bhaskara-IISecond experimental remote sensing satellite by India.
1982INSAT-1AFirst operational multipurpose communication and meteorology satellite launched by India.
1983Rohini RS-D2Identical to RS-D1 but slight different.
INSAT-1BIdentical to INSAT-1A with slight different in design.
1987SROSS-1It was designed for carrying a payload for launch vehicle for performance monitoring and for gamma-ray astronomy. unfortunately It was Failed to reach orbit. 
1988IRS-1AIt was India’s first operational remote sensing satellite. 
SROSS-2It Carried remote sensing payload of the German space agency as well as gamma-ray astronomy payload.
INSAT-1CSimilarity with INSAT-1A.
1991IRS-1BImproved version of IRS-1A.
1992INSAT-2DTLaunched as Arabsat 1C
SROSS-CIt was built to carry gamma-ray astronomy and aeronomy payload.
INSAT-2AThe first satellite in the second-generation Indian-built INSAT-2 series.
1993INSAT-2BIt was the second satellite in the INSAT-2 series.
IRS-1EEarth observation satellite. Failed to achieve orbit. 
1994SROSS-C2same as to SROSS-C.
IRS-P2It was Launched by the second developmental flight of PSLV.
1995INSAT-2CIt has capabilities Like mobile satellite service, business communication as well as television outreach beyond Indian boundaries.
IRS-1CIt was Launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome from India.
1996IRS-P3It was built to carry a remote sensing payload and an X-ray astronomy payload.
1997INSAT-2DSimilarity with INSAT-2C.
IRS-1DSimilarity with IRS-1C. 
1999INSAT-2EIt was unique Multipurpose communication and meteorological satellite.
OceanSat-1It carried an OCM and MSMR.
2000INSAT-3BMultipurpose communication satellite. 
2001GSAT-1Experimental satellite for the first developmental flight of GSLV-D1. Failed to complete its mission.
TESIt is considered a prototype for future Indian spy satellites. 
2002INSAT-3CAugmented the INSAT capacity for communication and broadcasting 
Kalpana-1First meteorological satellite built by ISRO.
2003INSAT-3AMultipurpose communication satellite, similar to INSAT-2E and Kalpana-1.
GSAT-2Experimental satellite for the second developmental test flight of GSLV.
INSAT-3ECommunication satellite to augment the existing INSAT System. 
ResourceSat-1Intended to supplement and replace IRS-1C and IRS-1D. 
2004GSAT-3India’s first exclusive educational satellite.
2005CartoSat-1Earth observation satellite.
HamSatMicro-satellite built in collaboration with Indian and Dutch researchers.  
INSAT-4AAdvanced satellite for direct-to-home television broadcasting services.
2006INSAT-4CGeosynchronous communications satellite. Failed to achieve orbit.
2007CartoSat-2Advanced remote sensing satellite
SRE-1An experimental satellite that was launched as a co-passenger with CARTOSAT-2. 
INSAT-4BIdentical to INSAT-4A.
INSAT-4CRIdentical to INSAT-4C.
2008CartoSat-2AIdentical to CARTOSAT-2.
IMS-1It was a Low-cost microsatellite imaging mission. which was Launched as co-passenger with CARTOSAT-2A.
Chandrayaan-1India’s first unmanned lunar probe.
2009RISAT-2It was a Radar imaging satellite. which was Launched as a co-passenger with ANUSAT. 
AnuSat-1Research micro-satellite. It has since been retired. 
OceanSat-2Continues mission of OceanSat-1. 
2010GSAT-4Communications satellite with technology demonstrator features. Failed to achieve orbit.
CartoSat-2BIt has similarity with CartoSat-2A.
StudSatIt was India’s first pico-satellite meaning lass than 1 kg in weight
GSAT-5PC-band communication satellite. unfortunately It Failed to reach the destination. 
2011ResourceSat-2Identical to ResourceSat-1. 
YouthSatIndo-Russian stellar and atmospheric mini-satellite.
GSAT-8 or INSAT-4GCommunications Satellite
GSAT-12Augmented the capacity of the INSAT system for various communication services. 
Megha-TropiquesJointly developed by ISRO and the French CNES. 
JugnuNano-satellite developed by IIT Kanpur.
SRMSatNano-satellite developed by SRM Institute of Science and Technology.
2012RISAT-1India’s first indigenous all-weather Radar Imaging Satellite.
GSAT-10India’s advanced communication satellite. 
2013SARALJoint Indo-French satellite mission for oceanographic studies.
IRNSS-1AThe first of seven satellites in the IRNSS navigational system.
INSAT-3DIt is a meteorological Satellite with advanced weather monitoring payloads.
GSAT-7It is the advanced multi-band communication satellite dedicated to military use. 
Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) or Mangalyaan-1India’s first Mars orbiter. 
2014GSAT-14Intended to replace GSAT-3, and to augment the in-orbit capacity of Extended C and Ku-band transponders.
IRNSS-1BIt is the second of seven satellites in the IRNSS system.
IRNSS-1CIt is the third satellite in the IRNSS. 
GSAT-16It has the highest number of transponders in a single satellite at that time (48 transponders).
2015IRNSS-1DIt is the fourth satellite in the IRNSS. 
GSAT-6Communication satellite that marks the success of indigenously developed upper stage cryogenic engine.
AstrosatIndia’s first dedicated multi-wavelength space observatory.
GSAT-15Communications satellite.
2016IRNSS-1EIt was the fifth satellite in the IRNSS. 
IRNSS-1FIt was the sixth satellite in the IRNSS. 
IRNSS-1GIt was the seventh satellite in the IRNSS. 
Cartosat-2CIdentical to CARTOSAT-2,2A and 2B. 
SathyabamaSatIt was a micro-satellite which was built by Sathyabama University, Chennai. 
Swayam-1It was a A 1-U pico-satellite designed It was actually built by the engineering students of pune.
INSAT-3DRAn advanced meteorological satellite
PrathamIt was A mini-satellite built by researchers at IIT Mumbai.
PISatA micro-satellite designed and built by the students of PES Institute of Technology, Bengaluru. 
ScatSat-1Miniature satellite to provide weather forecasting, cyclone prediction, and tracking services to India.
GSAT-18The heaviest satellite owned by India at the time of its launch. 
ResourceSat-2AIdentical to Resourcesat-1 and Resourcesat-2. 
2017CartoSat-2DISRO made a world record for launching the highest number of satellites by a single launch vehicle. that was phenomeal
INS-1AIt was One of the 2 nano-satellites designed and manufactured by ISRO, which was part of the constellation of 104 satellites launched in a single go. 
INS-1BOne of 2 nano-satellites designed and manufactured by ISRO, as part of the constellation of 104 satellites launched in a single go. 
South Asia Satellite
GSAT-19It was the heaviest rocket (and the heaviest satellite) to be launched by ISRO from Indian soil.
NIUSatIt is built by the students of Noorul Islam University, Kanyakumari. 
CartoSat-2E 7th satellite in the Cartosat series to be built by ISRO.
GSAT-17India’s 18th communication (and to date, its heaviest) satellite
IRNSS-1HFirst satellite to be co-designed and built-in collaboration with private sector assistance. Failed to achieve orbit. 
2018CartoSat-2F6th satellite in the Cartosat series to be built by ISRO.
MicroSat-TDIt is a technology demonstrator and the forerunner for future satellites in this series. 
INS-1CThird satellite in the Indian Nanosatellite series. It will carry MMX-TD Payload from SAC.
GSAT-6AA high power S-band communication satellite. It will also provide a platform for developing technologies.
IRNSS-IIEighth satellite of IRNSS.
GSAT-29High-throughput Communication Satellite
HySISHyperspectral imaging services for agriculture, forestry, resource mapping, geographical assessment and military applications.
ExseedSat-1India’s first privately funded and built satellite.
GSAT-11Heaviest Indian spacecraft in orbit to date.
GSAT-7AServices for IAF and Indian Army.
2019Microsat-RSuspected to have been destroyed in the 2019 Indian anti-satellite missile test.
PS4 Stage attached with KalamSAT-V2Used PSLV’s 4th stage as an orbital platform.
GSAT-31Replacement of the ageing INSAT-4CR.
EMISATElectromagnetic intelligence to track any enemy radars for IAF.
PS4 Stage attached with ExseedSat-2, AMSAT, ARIS and AIS payloadsUtilization of the fourth stage directly as a satellite for experiments.
RISAT-2BSuccessor to old RISAT-2.
Orbiter of Chandrayaan-2India’s second lunar exploration mission.
Cartosat-3One of the optical satellites with the highest resolutions in the world.
RISAT-2BR1Improved resolution of 0.35 metres.
2020GSAT-30Replacement of INSAT-4A.
EOS-01Space-based synthetic aperture imaging radar.
CMS-01Extended C-band coverage for mainland India, Lakshadweep and Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
2021Sindhu NetraEarth observation satellite used by Indian Navy for surveillance over the Indian Ocean. 
SDSatThis Nanosatellite was developed by Space Kidz India to study radiations. It carried 25,000 names and a copy of Bhagavad Gita into space.    
JITSatDeveloped by JIT as part of UNITYSat constellation.
GHRCESatDeveloped by GHRCE as part of UNITYSat constellation.
Sri Shakthi SatDeveloped by SIET as part of UNITYSat constellation.
EOS-03India’s first real-time Earth observation satellite and first satellite of the GISAT constellation. 
Upcoming Satellites
2022RISAT-1ARadar imaging satellite to facilitate high-quality images and additional security to Indian borders. 
OCEANSAT-3Earth observation satellite for oceanographic and atmospheric studies. 
GSAT-20Communication satellite to add data transmission capacity required by Smart Cities Mission of India.
GISAT-2Multispectral and hyperspectral Earth-imaging satellite.
Aditya-L1Solar coronal observation spacecraft.
GSAT-32Communications satellite.
TDS-01A technology demonstrator for TWTA and atomic clock.
SPADEX x 2Demonstration of rendezvous space docking and berthing of spacecraft.
GSAT-7RMilitary communications satellite.
DRSS-1Communications satellite comprising two satellites in the initial stage– CMS-04 and IDRSS-2 in GEO. 
X-ray Polarimeter SatelliteSpace observatory to study polarization of cosmic X-rays Investigation.
INSAT 3DSMilitary purposes  
2022-23GSAT-7CMilitary Purposes.
AstroSat-2It is a space telescope and successor of AstroSat-1.
2023NISARA joint mission between ISRO and NASA is a dual-frequency synthetic aperture on an Earth observation satellite from India. 
2024Lunar Polar Exploration MissionJoint lunar exploration mission between ISRO and JAXA.
2024-25Mangalyaan-2It will be India’s second Mars exploration mission.
2025DISHATwin aeronomy satellite mission.
2024-26Shukrayaan-1Venus exploration satellite. 

List of Artificial Satellites Launched by India (1975-2023)

The following is the list of Artificial satellites launched by India:

1. Indian Satellites from 1975-1995

  1. Aryabhata (1975): This was India’s first satellite which was named after the famous & ancient Indian mathematician and astronomer called Aryabhata. The successful launch of this satellite marked the beginning of India’s space program.
  2. Rohini Series (1980-1994): Different satellites of these types were produced and designed mainly to do scientific and technological research purposes.
  3. INSAT Series (1983 onwards): The Indian National Satellite System is a formation of many geostationary satellites which has completely changed the communication domain, television broadcasting, and the science of meteorology in India.

2. Satellites of India from 1995-2023


  1. IRS Series (1995 onwards): The Indian Remote Sensing (IRS) satellites have been significant in observation of the earth, natural resource management, and disaster surveillance.
  2. GSAT Series (2001 onwards): The GSAT series of communication satellites have enhanced telecommunication and broadband services throughout the country.


  1. CARTOSAT Series (2005 onwards): These are high-resolution earth observation satellites, which are used for cartography, urban planning, and development of infrastructure.
  2. RISAT Series (2009 onwards): The Radar imaging satellites are mainly used for all-weather, day-and-night earth observation.
  3. Chandrayaan-1 (2008): India’s first lunar probe, which made prominent discoveries about the surface of the Moon.


  1. Astrosat (2015): It is the first multi-wavelength space observatory in India for cosmic research.
  2. Chandrayaan-2 (2019): It was the second lunar exploration mission that had an orbiter, lander, and rover.
  3. NavIC (2018): It stands for Navigation with Indian Constellation, it is a regional navigation satellite system. It functions just like a GPS.


  1. GSAT-24 (2021): This is basically a communication satellite. The main function or responsibility of this type of satellite is to provide better connectivity.
  2. EOS-04 (2021): It is basically an earth observation satellite, used to observe the earth from above. It consists of a synthetic aperture radar which is very helpful in carrying out its operations.
  3. Gaganyaan (In Work): By this mission India is aiming to send its astronauts into space. This will be India’s human spaceflight mission.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here
Captcha verification failed!
CAPTCHA user score failed. Please contact us!

Bharathi Pradeep
Bharathi Pradeep
Editor at Bharathi covers topics on Competitive exams, How To guides, Current exams, Current Affairs, Study Materials, etc. Follow her on social media using the links below.

More Articles Like This