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National Parks, Biosphere Reserves and Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

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Bharathi Pradeep
Bharathi Pradeephttps://www.getcooltricks.com/
Editor at GetCoolTricks.com. Bharathi covers topics on Competitive exams, How To guides, Current exams, Current Affairs, Study Materials, etc. Follow her on social media using the links below.

Biosphere Reserves

The Indian government has established 18 Biosphere Reserves In India (categories roughly corresponding to IUCN Category V Protected areas), which protect larger areas of natural habitat (than a National Park or Animal Sanctuary) and often include one or more National Parks and/or preserves, along buffer zones that are open to some economic uses. Protection is granted not only to the flora and fauna of the protected region, but also to the human communities who inhabit these regions, and their ways of life.

Sl NoYearNameState
11986Nilgiri Biosphere ReserveTamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka
21988Nanda Devi Biosphere ReserveUttarakhand
31989Gulf of MannarTamil Nadu
41988NokrekMeghalaya
51989SundarbansWest Bengal
61989ManasAssam
71994SimlipalOdisha
81998Dihang-DibangArunachal Pradesh
91999Pachmarhi Biosphere ReserveMadhya Pradesh
102005Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere ReserveMadhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh
112008Great Rann of KutchGujarat
122009Cold DesertHimachal Pradesh
132000KhangchendzongaSikkim
142001Agasthyamalai Biosphere ReserveKerala, Tamil Nadu
151989Great NicobarAndaman and Nicobar Islands
161997Dibru-SaikhowaAssam
172010Seshachalam HillsAndhra Pradesh
182011PannaMadhya Pradesh

National Parks

The National Parks in India are IUCN category II protected areas. As of April 2012, there were 102 national parks in India and more parks in the process of getting commissioned.

Wildlife Sanctuaries

India has over 441 animal sanctuaries (IUCN Category IV Protected Area). Among these, the 28 Tiger Reserves are governed by Project Tiger and are of special significance in the conservation of the tiger. Some wildlife sanctuaries are specifically named Bird Sanctuary, e.g. Keoladeo National Park before attained National Park status. Many National Parks were initially Wildlife Sanctuaries.

List of National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

Papikonda National ParkAndhra Pradesh
Rajiv Gandhi National ParkAndhra Pradesh
Lanjamadugu Wildlife SanctuaryAndhra Pradesh
Namdapha National ParkArunachal Pradesh
Dibang Wildlife SanctuaryArunachal Pradesh
Manas National Park (UNESCO)Assam
Nameri National ParkAssam
Rajiv Gandhi Orang National ParkAssam
Kaziranga National Park (UNESCO)Assam
Dibru Sai Khowa National ParkAssam
Gautam Budha Wildlife SanctuaryBihar
Valmild National ParkBihar
Rajgir Wildlife SanctuaryBihar
Indravati National ParkChhattisgarh
Achanakmar Wildlife SanctuaryChhattisgarh
Kanger Valley National ParkChhattisgarh
Tamor Pingla Wildlife SanctuaryChhattisgarh
Guru Ghasi Das (Sanjay) National ParkChhattisgarh
Gomarda Wildlife SanctuaryChhattisgarh
Bhagwan Mahavir National ParkGoa
Vansda National ParkGujarat
Kutch Desert Wildlife SanctuaryGujarat
Indian Wild Ass SanctuaryGujarat
Marine National Park (First Marine National Park)Gujarat
Black Buck National ParkGujarat
Gir Forest National ParkGujarat
Kalesar National ParkHaryana
Sultanpur National ParkHaryana
Lippa Asrang Wildlife SanctuaryHimachal Pradesh
Tundah Wildlife SanctuaryHimachal Pradesh
Inderkilla National ParkHimachal Pradesh
Great Himalayan National ParkHimachal Pradesh
Pin Valley National ParkHimachal Pradesh
Khirganga National ParkHimachal Pradesh
Simbalbara National ParkHimachal Pradesh
Sechu Tuan Nala Wildlife SanctuaryHimachal Pradesh
Salim All National ParkJammu & Kashmir
Kishtwar National ParkJammu & Kashmir
Hemis National Park (Largest in Area)Jammu & Kashmir
Changtang Wildlife SanctuaryJammu & Kashmir
Dachigam National ParkJammu & Kashmir
Kara Koram Wildlife SanctuaryJammu & Kashmir
Hirpora Wildlife SanctuaryJammu & Kashmir
Lachipora Wildlife SanctuaryJammu & Kashmir
Betla National Park (India’s first tiger reserve)Jharkhand
Hazaribagh National ParkJharkhand
Lawalong Wildlife SanctuaryJharkhand
Nagarhole National ParkKarnataka
Cauvery Wildlife SanctuaryKarnataka
Kudremukh National ParkKarnataka
Bannerghatta National ParkKarnataka
Bandipur National ParkKarnataka
Arabithittu Wildlife SanctuaryKarnataka
Nugu Wildlife SanctuaryKarnataka
Pushpagiri Wildlife SanctuaryKarnataka
Chinnar Wild Life SanctuaryKerala
Idukki Wildlife SanctuaryKerala
Periyar National ParkKerala
Silent Valley National ParkKerala
Eravikulam National ParkKerala
Parambikulam Wildlife SanctuaryKerala
Malabar Wildlife SanctuaryKerala
Anamudi Shola National ParkKerala
Pampadum Shola National ParkKerala
Pench National ParkMadhya Pradesh
Bandhavgarh National Park (Highest Numbers of Tigers)Madhya Pradesh
Kanha National ParkMadhya Pradesh
Madhav National ParkMadhya Pradesh
Panna National ParkMadhya Pradesh
Satpura National ParkMadhya Pradesh
Van Vihar National ParkMadhya Pradesh
Gandhi Sagar SanctuaryMadhya Pradesh
National Chambal SanctuaryMadhya Pradesh
Mandla Plant Fossils National ParkMadhya Pradesh
Pachmari Wildlife SanctuaryMadhya Pradesh
Phen Wildlife SanctuaryMadhya Pradesh
Ratapani Tiger ReserveMadhya Pradesh
Sanjay National ParkMadhya Pradesh
Chandoli National ParkMaharashtra
Gugamal National ParkMaharashtra
Sanjay Gandhi (Borivilli) National ParkMaharashtra
Koyna Wildlife SanctuaryMaharashtra
Navegaon National ParkMaharashtra
Tadoba National ParkMaharashtra
Dhakna Kolkaz Wildlife SanctuaryMaharashtra
Phansad Wildlife SanctuaryMaharashtra
Wain Ganga Wildlife SanctuaryMaharashtra
Keibul Lamjao National ParkManipur
Yagoupokpi Lokchao Wildlife SanctuaryManipur
Nokrek National ParkMeghalaya
Nongkhyllem Wildlife SanctuaryMeghalaya
Balphakram National ParkMeghalaya
Khawnglung Wildlife SanctuaryMizoram
Murlen National ParkMizoram
Ngengpui Wildlife SanctuaryMizoram
Phawngpui Blue Mountain National ParkMizoram
Pulebarze Wildlife SanctuaryNagaland
Intanki National ParkNagaland
Simplipal National ParkOrissa
Chilka Wild Life SanctuaryOrissa
Baisipalli Wildlife SanctuaryOrissa
Bhitarkanika National ParkOrissa
Debrigarh Wildlife SanctuaryOrissa
Kuldiha Wildlife SanctuaryOrissa
Ranthambore National ParkRajasthan
Sariska National ParkRajasthan
First National Park in the world, which was successfully adapted by Royal Bengal Tiger]
Darrah National ParkRajasthan
Desert National ParkRajasthan
Keoladeo National Park (UNESCO)Rajasthan
Mount Abu Wildlife SanctuaryRajasthan
Jawaharsagar Wildlife SanctuaryRajasthan
Phulwari Wildlife SanctuaryRajasthan
 Keladevi Wildlife SanctuaryRajasthan
Fambonglho Wildlife SanctuarySikkim
Khangchendzonga National ParkSikkim
Kyongnosla Alpine SanctuarySikkim
Pangolakha Wildlife SanctuarySikkim
Shingba Rhododendron SanctuarySikkim
Mukurthi National ParkTamilnadu
Shenbagathoppu Grizzled Squirrel Wildlife SanctuaryTamilnadu
Satyamanglam wild Life SanctuaryTamilnadu
Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) National ParkTamilnadu
Guindy National ParkTamilnadu
Mudumalai National ParkTamilnadu
Vettangundi Wildlife SanctuaryTamilnadu
Gulf of Mannar Marine National ParkTamilnadu
Mrugavani National ParkTelangana
Sipahijola Wildlife SanctuaryTripura
Bisan (Rajbari) National ParkTripura
Gumti Wildlife SanctuaryTripura
Clouded Leopard National ParkTripura
Chandra Prabha Wildlife SanctuaryUttar Pradesh
Dudhwa National ParkUttar Pradesh
Ranipur SanctuaryUttar Pradesh
Rajaji National ParkUttarakhand
Gangotri National ParkGangotri National PaAUttarakhand
Nanda Devi National Park (UNESCO)Uttarakhand
Jim Corbett National Park (Oldest Park)Uttarakhand
Valley of Flowers National Park (UNESCO)Uttarakhand
Askot Musk Deer SanctuaryUttarakhand
Govind Pashu ViharUttarakhand
Kedamath Wildlife SanctuaryUttarakhand
Sundarbans National ParkWest Bengal
Gorumara National ParkWest Bengal
Buxa National ParkWest Bengal
Jaldapara National ParkWest Bengal
Neora Valley National Park— .West Bengal
Singalila National ParkWest Bengal
Mahatma Gandhi Marine National ParkAndaman & Nicobar Islands
Rani Jhansi Marine National ParkAndaman & Nicobar Islands
Saddle Peak National ParkAndaman & Nicobar Islands
Middle Button Island National ParkAndaman & Nicobar Islands
South Button Island National ParkAndaman &Nicobar Islands
Mount Harriet National ParkAndaman &Nicobar Islands
North Button Island National ParkAndaman & Nicobar Islands
Campbell Bay National ParkAndaman & Nicobar Islands
Galathea National ParkAndaman & Nicobar Islands
Galathea National ParkAndaman & Nicobar Islands
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Bharathi Pradeep
Bharathi Pradeephttps://www.getcooltricks.com/
Editor at GetCoolTricks.com. Bharathi covers topics on Competitive exams, How To guides, Current exams, Current Affairs, Study Materials, etc. Follow her on social media using the links below.
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