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List of Important Battles in India

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Bharathi Pradeep
Bharathi Pradeep
Editor at Bharathi covers topics on Competitive exams, How To guides, Current exams, Current Affairs, Study Materials, etc. Follow her on social media using the links below.

War is an essential topic in history for all competitive exams like UPSC, and all state public service commission exams. In this topic, we have given the year of the war, the battle between whom and essential details of the Battle. I hope this will provide you with important details about the Indian war.

Battle                    Time Period   Participants               Winner        
Dasraj yudhRigvedic Period  Sudas vs Ten KingsSudas
Hydaspes326 B.C Alexander vs PuruAlexander
Chandragupta-Seleucus305 B.C Chandragupta vs  SeleucusChandragupta 
Kalinga261 B.CAshok vs King of KalingaAshok
First Kanishka China War1 A.DKanishka vs Chinese KingChinese King
Second  Kanishka China War1 A.DKanishka vs Chinese KingKanishka
The first battle of Aryavarta4 A.DSamudragupta vs Aryavarta’s kingSamudragupta
The second battle of Aryavarta4 A.DSamudragupta vs Remenent KingSamudragupta
 Battle of Dakshinapatha4 A.DSamudragupta vs VishnugopaSamudragupta
Yashovarman-Mihirakula Battle 532 A.DYashovarman vs Mihirakula Yashovarman
Narmada Battle630 A.DHarsh vs Pulakeshin SecondPulakeshin Second
Surma Battle641-42 A.DNarasimhavarman 1st vs Pulakeshin SecondNarasimhavarman 1st 
Parimal Battle641-42 A.DNarasimhavarman 1st vs Pulakeshin SecondNarasimhavarman 1st 
Madimgalai Battle642 A.DNarasimhavarman 1st vs Pulakeshin SecondNarasimhavarman 1st 
Sindh Battle712 A.DDaahir vs Muhammad ibn al-QasimMuhammad ibn al-Qasim
Tripartite Struggle8-10th A.DPala vs Pratihara vs RashtrakutaPrahitara
kongu war8th A.DChera vs Unknown rulerChera 
thirupurambiyam880 A.DVaragunavarman II vs PallavaPallava
Vellore Battle  915 A.DParantak vs Pandya Parantak
Takkolam Battle949 A.DParantak vs RashtrakutaParantak
Lanka Battle1000 A.DRajraj Pratham vs Mahendra PanchamRajraj Pratham
Lanka Battle1018 A.DRajendra Pratham vs KashyapRajendra Pratham
Kalidindi Battle1044 A.DChalukya vs CholaChola
Koppam Battle1052 A.DRajadhiraja vs SomeshvaraRajadhiraja
Tungabhadra Battle 1066 A.DVeer Rajendra Vs SomeshvaraVeer Rajendra
Hoysala Chola Battle 1118 A.DKulottunga vs VishnuvardhanVishnuvardha
1First Battle of Tarain1191Prithiviraj Chauhan Vs Mohammed GhoriPrithviraj won the battle. Tarain place is near Thanesar in present-day Haryana. These 2 battles are also known as the Battles of Taraori.
2.        Second Battle of Tarain1192Prithiviraj Chauhan Vs Mohammed GhoriMohammed Ghori returned for revenge and he won the battle. He entered India through a Khyber pass.
3.        Battle of chandawar1194Jaichandra Vs Mohammed GhoriGhori defeated Jaichandra, the king of Kanauj. The battle was fought at Chandwar (modern Firozabad), on the Yamuna River close to Agra.
4.        First Battle of Panipat1526, 21 th AprilBabur Vs Ibrahim LodiBabur (which means” lion”) defeated and killed Ibrahim Lodi and started the rule Mughals in India. He was the first emperor of the Mughal dynasty.
Panipat is present in Haryana.
Ibrahim Lodi, was the last king in the Lodi dynasty. The death of Ibrahim Lodi ended the Delhi Sultanate (which means Muslim Kingdoms).
5.        Battle of Khanwa1527, 17 th MarchBabur Vs Rajput forces led by Rana sanga.Khanwa is in the Bharatpur District of Rajasthan.
Babur defeated Rajput forces.
6.        Battle of Chanderi1528, JanuaryBabur Vs Medini Rai KhangarBabur won this battle and chanderi came under the Mughal kingdom.
Chanderi is in Madhya Pradesh.
Medini Rai was the ruler of Malwa.
7.        Battle of Ghaghra1529, May 6Babur Vs Eastern Afghans with Sultanate of Bengal.Ghaghra is a river near Bihar.
Babur’s decisive victory.
Eastern Afghan Confederates under Sultan Mahmud Lodi and Sultanate of Bengal under Sultan Nusrat Shah.
8.        Battle of chausa1539, 26th JuneHumayun vs sher shah suriChausa is in Bihar.
Humayun was a Mughal emporer and sher shah was founder of sur emporer.
Sher Shah was victorious and crowned himself Farid al-Din Sher Shah.
9.        Battle of kanauj1540, 17th MayHumayun vs sher shah suriKanauj is in Uttar Pradesh.
Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayun .
10Second Battle of Panipat1556, 5th NovemberAkbar Vs HemuHemu conquered Delhi by defeating the Mughals led by Tardi Beg Khan at the Battle of Delhi. Akbar and his guardian, Bairam Khan, immediately marched to Delhi to reclaim the city. The wounded Hemu was captured and beheaded by Bairamkhan.
11First Battle of Carnatic war.1746- 1748Santha Saheb(French) Vs Nawab of arcot(British).(Both are son in law of Hyderabad Nizam)Santha sahib was supported by the French East India Company and Arcot Nawab was supported by British east India company. Finally British east India company stood their legs firmly in south india.
12Second Battle of Carnatic war.1749 – 1754Nazeer jung (French)(son of Hyderabad Nizam)Vs Musafer Jung(British) (Grandson of Hyderabad nizam ul-mulk )Santha sahib and Musafer Jung were supported by the French East India Company and Nazeer jung and Arcot Nawab were supported by the British east India company. 1751 Robert clive, Head of the British east India company captured Arcot. Finally, Pondicherry Pact was signed in 1754 to end the war.
13Third Battle of Carnatic war.1758-1763British East India Company Vs French East India CompanyIt was considered as a continuation of seven years of the Europe war.
Finally, British Won the battle and captured Pondicherry and Gingee Fort. In 1763, the Paris pact was signed to end the 7year’s Europe war and the third Carnatic war.
14Battle of Plassey1757, 23rd JuneRobert Clive (British East India Company) Vs Sirajuddaulah (Nawab of Bengal)British East India Company Won the Battle and annexed Bengal to the British East India Company. This battle won was considered as the first step of brutish governance in India.
15Battle of Buxar1764, 22nd OctoberHector Munro (British East India Company) Vs Mir Qasim (Nawab of Bengal) and Mughal emperor Shah Allam.British East India Company won the Battle and strongly fixed its footprint in Indian governance.


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Bharathi Pradeep
Bharathi Pradeep
Editor at Bharathi covers topics on Competitive exams, How To guides, Current exams, Current Affairs, Study Materials, etc. Follow her on social media using the links below.

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