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Coal Industry

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Bharathi Pradeep
Bharathi Pradeephttps://www.getcooltricks.com/
Editor at GetCoolTricks.com. Bharathi covers topics on Competitive exams, How To guides, Current exams, Current Affairs, Study Materials, etc. Follow her on social media using the links below.

About Coal

  • India is one the richest countries in mineral resources in the world.
  • Since India’s internal structure of the earth is the product of ancient hard rock’s therefore all types of minerals are found here.
  • Gondwana rocks (Chhota Nagpur Plateau) are the richest mineral deposits in India.
  • There are four types of coal found in India:
    Anthracite (The best quality of coal found only in Jammu & Kashmir);
    Bituminous (Second best quality of coal);
    Lignite (Found in Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Jammu & Kashmir). Coal accounts for approx.
  • 67 % of the total commercial energy produced in India and 98% of India’s total account is found in the Gondwana rocks of the Moran region.
  • The main regions of Gondwana rocks are found in West Bengal, Jharkhand and Odisha.
  • The first effort made to extract coal with modern technology in India was at the Ranigunj coal region in West Bengal.

List of Major Coal Fields in India

StateCoal Field
West BengalRanigunj (Oldest coal field in India)
JharkhandJharia (Largest), Bokaro, Dhanbad, Giridih, Karanpura, Ramgarh, Daltonganj
Madhya PradeshSingrauli, Suhagpur,  Johila, Umaria, Satpura coalfield
OdishaTalcher, Himgiri, Rampur
Andhra PradeshKantapalli, Singareni
ChhattisgarhKorba, Bisrampur, Sonhat, Jhilmil, Hasdo-Arand
AssamMakum, Najira, Janji, Jaipur
MeghalayaUmralong, Darrangiri, Cherrapunji, Mawlong, Langrin
Arunachal PradeshNaqmchik-Namphuk

Coal is found in sedimentary rocks beneath the rock surface and is often called “Black Gold”.

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Bharathi Pradeep
Bharathi Pradeephttps://www.getcooltricks.com/
Editor at GetCoolTricks.com. Bharathi covers topics on Competitive exams, How To guides, Current exams, Current Affairs, Study Materials, etc. Follow her on social media using the links below.
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