- India is one the richest countries in mineral resources in the world.
- Since India’s internal structure of the earth is the product of ancient hard rock’s therefore all types of minerals are found here.
- Gondwana rocks (Chhota Nagpur Plateau) are the richest mineral deposits in India.
- There are four types of coal found in India:
Anthracite (The best quality of coal found only in Jammu & Kashmir);
Bituminous (Second best quality of coal);
Lignite (Found in Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Jammu & Kashmir). Coal accounts for approx.
- 67 % of the total commercial energy produced in India and 98% of India’s total account is found in the Gondwana rocks of the Moran region.
- The main regions of Gondwana rocks are found in West Bengal, Jharkhand and Odisha.
- The first effort made to extract coal with modern technology in India was at the Ranigunj coal region in West Bengal.
List of Major Coal Fields in India
|West Bengal||Ranigunj (Oldest coal field in India)|
|Jharkhand||Jharia (Largest), Bokaro, Dhanbad, Giridih, Karanpura, Ramgarh, Daltonganj|
|Madhya Pradesh||Singrauli, Suhagpur, Johila, Umaria, Satpura coalfield|
|Odisha||Talcher, Himgiri, Rampur|
|Andhra Pradesh||Kantapalli, Singareni|
|Chhattisgarh||Korba, Bisrampur, Sonhat, Jhilmil, Hasdo-Arand|
|Assam||Makum, Najira, Janji, Jaipur|
|Meghalaya||Umralong, Darrangiri, Cherrapunji, Mawlong, Langrin|
Coal is found in sedimentary rocks beneath the rock surface and is often called “Black Gold”.