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Expected Questions for UPSC Mains 2023

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Bharathi Pradeep
Bharathi Pradeep
Editor at Bharathi covers topics on Competitive exams, How To guides, Current exams, Current Affairs, Study Materials, etc. Follow her on social media using the links below.

The UPSC mains exam is written (subjective) in nature.

UPSC Mains Syllabus 2023

There are 4 General Studies Papers (including a paper on Ethics), 1 essay paper, and 2 optional-subject papers. Apart from these, there are 2 compulsory language papers which are just qualifying in nature.

Important and Expected Questions

  • India will be able to reap the benefits of Demographic dividends. Critically analyse.
  • Agrarian reforms are essential for the growth of the Indian economy. Discuss.
  • NITI Aayog is better than its predecessor. Critically analyse.
  • India presents a good example of cooperative federalism. Discuss.
  • Health infrastructure in India requires community participation. Discuss.
  • Technology and Artificial Intelligence can replace human intervention. Critically analyse 
  • Covid – 19 had an impact on the social fabric of Indian society. Discuss.
  • Recent diplomatic discussions with our neighbours have proved that India is an emerging power.
  • India is ready to take up greater responsibilities in changing the world order. 
  • What does the Non-Permanent Seat of UNSC mean for India in a changing scenario?
  • COVID – 19 pandemic has opened fractures in the Indian Health Infrastructure.
  • What is Virtual Private Network (VPN) and how is it different from LAN?
  • India should make more stringent drug trial regulations so that false claims can be minimised. Discuss 
  • The Coronavirus pandemic has increased the rural-urban divide. Discuss
  • Indian Medical Service is the demand of the present time. Discuss
  • Our Police should be better equipped to control COVID- 19 like situations. discuss 
  • It is high time to notify the Health in the Union List. Discuss.
  • In times of pandemic like Corona, what are the most expected qualities required from a Civil Servant?
  • It is high time to create All India Health Services. Critically examine.
  • The change in work culture post lockdown can be a boon to control pollution ?: discuss 
  • Discuss the important changes in India’s Foreign Policy in the recent past.
  • How technology can change Health Services in India?
  • What is the ‘Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat’ initiative?
  • What is the minimum number of Solar and Lunar Eclipses that take place in a year?
  • What is the ‘Verified’ initiative?
  • What is Navigating the New Normal?
  • What is the rainfall pattern in North-East India?
  • How are cyclones named? 
  • What was the origin point of Cyclone Nisarga?
  • What was the origin point of Cyclone Amphan?
  • What does LAC mean?
  • When was the LAC marked and agreed?
  • What is the size of the coronavirus?
  • Where is Dholavira located?
  • In which state does Lipu Lake exist?
  • What is the impact of the REPO RATE increase on the Economy?
  • What is mentioned in Article 370 H?
  • The right to vote is a fundamental right. True or False
  • Financial Emergency is defined in our constitution. True or False
  • Which river takes a hairpin turn in the east /
  •  The Union, State and concurrent list are associated with which article of the constitution of India?
  • “Health” is a Union subject. True or False.
  • What is cryptocurrency?
  • What is BlockChain technology?
  • Who has the residuary powers regarding the matters enumerated in the concurrent list?
  • The amendment in the Citizenship provisions mentioned in the Constitution of India requires a special majority. True or False 
  • When did Mahatma Gandhi go to the Third Round Table Conference?
  • What is the Rights Issue?
  • Where was the Indian Science Congress Organised?
  • “India needs just laws more than Uniform personal laws.” Do you agree? Substantiate your views.
  • Discuss Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar’s contribution to the making of modern Bengali society.
  • “The coalition governments deliver better than the single-party rule.” Critically examine.
  • What is ‘Gene Editing’? Discuss the applications and ethical concerns involved in gene editing.
  • Has SAARC lost its relevance as a platform for South Asian interests and shared growth? Discuss.
  • Critically analyze the performance of NITI Aayog over the past four years. How has it been different from the erstwhile planning commission?
  • The Delhi government recently proposed to make metro and bus travel free for women. How far would it go in making public transport gender-inclusive?
  • Compare and contrast the organizational structures of ISRO and DRDO. What hinders DRDO from replicating the ISRO’s success?
  • Discuss the importance of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation to India’s Eurasian policy.
  • “To bolster the independence of Judiciary, the criteria for appointment of Judges must go beyond those laid out in the constitution.” Elucidate.
  • To what extent would the simultaneous polls address the distortions in the current electoral system? Discuss.
  • In light of the ‘Access, Watch and Reserve’ approach adopted by the WHO, discuss the steps taken by India to combat the growing menace of antibiotic abuse.
  • Supreme Court in one of its rulings observed that the failure to provide a patient with timely medical treatment results in a violation of the patient’s right to life. In light of this statement make a case for enforcing healthcare as a basic right in India.
  • Highlight the gaps in the current education system in India. How the proposed draft National Educational policy aims to address those gaps?
  • “Unlike SAARC, BIMSTEC provides an opportunity to India for economic, cultural and social cooperation in the region.” Comment.
  • “The Bandung Conference of 1955 was not just about non-alignment, but promoting Afro-Asian solidarity.” Discuss.
  • In light of the recent Supreme Court Judgment, discuss how far has the Forest Rights Act, of 2006 been able to protect the rights of tribals and forest dwellers in India.
  • Discuss the constitutional rationale behind the enabling clauses under Articles 15 and 16 of the Indian constitution. Do you think, the extension of reservation to different classes and castes in recent times has diluted this rationale?
  • Do you think, Section 124A of IPC has outlived its utility? Discuss.
  • “Social morality cannot trump constitutional morality”. Discuss in light of recent landmark judgments of the Supreme Court.


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Bharathi Pradeep
Bharathi Pradeep
Editor at Bharathi covers topics on Competitive exams, How To guides, Current exams, Current Affairs, Study Materials, etc. Follow her on social media using the links below.

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